South Australia in spring 2017: warm nights in the south

Spring 2017 in South Australia saw much wetter than average conditions in the northwest of the State and generally average to below average rainfall in southern and eastern districts. Both maximum and minimum temperatures were warmer than normal throughout South Australia with mean minimum temperatures highest on record in parts of the south.

Above average rainfall

  • For South Australia as a whole, spring rainfall was 46% above average
  • Despite a dry start to the season with little to no rainfall until the last week of September, wetter than average conditions were observed across northern and western pastoral districts during spring 2017
  • There were small patches of wettest spring on record in the Northwest pastoral district
  • Agricultural areas had generally average to below average rainfall for spring 2017, although rainfall was above average in a small area around Port Lincoln on the Eyre Peninsula
  • Several rainfall events throughout the season resulted some sites in agricultural districts reporting their highest spring daily rainfall on record

Very much above average temperatures

  • Statewide maximum temperatures during spring were 1.47 °C warmer than average, with mean daytime temperatures warmer than average in each of September, October and November
  • Warmer than average maximum temperatures were prevalent across the whole State during spring, with areas of very much above average temperatures in eastern agricultural districts
  • A hot end to the season resulted in Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) breaking it's highest spring temperature on record with 37.4 °C on 29 November; Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) also had it's warmest spring on record
  • Statewide minimum temperatures during spring were 1.24 °C warmer than average which was the ninth-warmest on record.
  • Warmer than average overnight temperatures were reported through much of South Australia during spring, with areas of very much above average minimum temperatures across the agricultural districts
  • A number of sites around Adelaide, the Eyre Peninsula and in the Southeast had their highest spring mean daily minimum temperature on record

Further information

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Extremes in spring 2017
Hottest day 41.3 °C at Moomba Airport on 30 Nov
Warmest days on average 31.3 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 17.7 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 6.5 °C at Mount Lofty on 4 Sep
Coldest night -2.3 °C at Renmark Aero on 17 Sep
-2.3 °C at Keith (Munkora) on 4 Nov
Coolest nights on average 7.9 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 16.5 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 28.0 °C at Keith on 29 Nov
Warmest on average overall 23.9 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.3 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 263.4 mm at Crafers (Mt Lofty)
Wettest day 81.0 mm at Mintabie on 30 Sep
Strongest wind gust 119 km/h at Oodnadatta Airport on 30 Nov

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest spring daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Parrakie 59.2 on 16 Nov 47.0 on 28 Sep 1979 110
Geranium 57.4 on 16 Nov 46.0 on 19 Oct 1973 109
Wharminda 46.2 on 23 Nov 40.8 on 12 Sep 1990 74
Todmorden 58.0 on 30 Sep 55.9 on 29 Sep 1968 69
Mount Barry Station 45.0 on 30 Sep =45.0 on 30 Sep 2004 36
Coffin Bay 46.4 on 23 Nov 37.2 on 18 Oct 2000 30
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 43.2 on 23 Nov 37.0 on 18 Oct 2000 24
Tieyon 35.8 on 1 Oct 26.8 on 13 Oct 1999 23



Record highest spring temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 37.4 on 29 Nov 37.2 on 19 Nov 2009 26 18.7



Record highest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 20.5 20.1 in 2014 25 18.7



Record highest spring daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Keith 28.0 on 29 Nov 27.0 on 13 Nov 2008 56 8.4



Record highest spring mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Barker 9.8 9.1 in 2000 116 7.3
Kyancutta 10.3 10.0 in 1997 87 8.5
Mount Gambier Aero 9.1 8.9 in 2000 75 7.3
Adelaide Airport 13.1 12.7 in 2000 62 10.8
Keith 9.9 = 9.9 in 1975 62 8.4
Parafield Airport 12.1 11.9 in 1990 60 10.4
Warooka 11.7 11.6 in 2009 56 10.3
Elliston 12.8 12.6 in 2000 54 11.3
Meningie 11.4 11.1 in 2000 51 9.7
Edinburgh RAAF 11.7 11.5 in 2000 44 10.3
Adelaide (Kent Town) 13.3 = 13.3 in 2009 40 11.8
Coonawarra 9.6 9.1 in 2000 31 7.5
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 11.0 10.8 in 2000 25 9.5
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 10.9 10.8 in 2000 25 9.9
Kingscote Aero 9.4 9.3 in 2000 23 7.7
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 10.5 10.3 in 2009 23 9.2
Stenhouse Bay 12.7 = 12.7 in 2014 21 11.9
Strathalbyn Racecourse 10.5 10.1 in 2000 21 9.3
Minnipa Pirsa 11.5 11.4 in 2006 20 10.2



Record highest spring mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Gambier Aero 14.8 14.5 in 2015 75 12.7
Adelaide Airport 18.0 = 18.0 in 2009 62 16.0
Parafield Airport 18.3 18.2 in 2009 60 16.2
Coonawarra 15.3 15.1 in 2015 31 13.6
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 15.7 15.1 in 2014 25 14.1
Kingscote Aero 15.5 15.2 in 2009 23 14.0
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 14.5 = 14.5 in 2014 23 13.1



Summary statistics for spring 2017
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2017
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2017
Mean for
spring
2017
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2017
Total for
spring
2017
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2017
Fraction of
spring
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 29.2 +0.9 39.9 30 Nov 14.8 +1.1 5.6 14 Sep 25.1 44.1 average 57%
Coober Pedy Airport 29.6 +0.7 39.0 30 Nov 14.9 +0.5 3.6 5 Sep 61.0 34.5 high 177%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 29.4 +0.4 37.8 4 Nov 13.9 0.0 2.2 15 Sep 190.8 62.6 v high 305%
Mount Ive 27.1   36.6 28 Nov 11.7   2.1 15 Sep 56.0 64.2 average 87%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 29.3 +0.6 39.1 30 Nov 13.3 +0.5 1.8 6 Sep 22.6 36.2 average 62%
Tarcoola Aero 29.1 +0.6 38.9 28 Nov 12.6 +0.4 0.5 14 Sep 48.8 44.2 average 110%
Woomera Aerodrome 28.0 +1.7 38.7 30 Nov 13.4 +1.0 4.2 19 Sep 25.8 45.9 average 56%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 28.2 +1.4 36.5 30 Nov 12.4 +0.8 1.8 1 Sep 31.4 51.6 average 61%
Leigh Creek Airport 28.5 +1.4 38.7 30 Nov 13.5 +0.8 2.7 7 Sep 38.6 53.4 average 72%
Marree Aero 30.8 +0.7 41.2 30 Nov 14.3 +0.1 4.2 7 Sep 15.2 32.8 average 46%
Moomba Airport 31.3 +0.5 41.3 30 Nov 16.5 +0.7 4.8 15 Sep 33.8 44.1 average 77%
Oodnadatta Airport 31.1 +0.8 40.1 22 Sep 15.7 +0.6 5.1 6 Sep 84.6 36.3 high 233%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.1 +1.3 39.6 28 Nov 11.5 +1.5 1.1 8 Sep 33.8 70.2 low 48%
Cleve 23.5 +1.3 36.5 29 Nov 11.9 +1.5 5.1 31 Oct 111.2 105.6 average 105%
Cleve Aerodrome 23.5 +0.5 37.6 29 Nov 11.3 +1.0 4.8 31 Oct 94.8 85.6 average 111%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 21.2   37.0 21 Nov 12.5   6.6 10 Oct 103.6
Cummins Aero 23.3 0.0 38.6 21 Nov 9.9 +1.4 0.3 1 Oct 75.4 79.3 average 95%
Elliston 22.9 +1.4 37.0 21 Nov 12.8 +1.5 5.4 29 Sep 87.2 88.9 average 98%
Kimba 25.1 +1.3 36.0 28 Nov     0.0 23 Sep 73.6 89.9 average 82%
Kyancutta 26.9 +1.6 38.3 29 Nov 10.3 +1.8 1.2 1 Oct 78.5 78.0 average 101%
Minnipa Pirsa 25.7 +0.4 38.6 29 Nov 11.5 +1.3 3.9 31 Oct 54.0 64.3 average 84%
Neptune Island 18.3 +0.7 28.6 29 Nov 13.4 +0.9 7.5 30 Oct 85.4 90.5 average 94%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 21.5 +0.6 34.8 17 Oct 10.9 +1.0 4.6 25 Sep 112.8 83.9 high 134%
Nullarbor 24.8 +0.4 39.3 18 Nov 10.9 +0.6 1.1 19 Sep 58.8 52.7 average 112%
Port Augusta Aero 27.8 +0.6 39.4 29 Nov 12.4 +0.6 1.8 15 Sep 47.2 54.8 average 86%
Streaky Bay 23.7 +0.8 37.5 28 Nov 13.0 +1.4 6.5 15 Sep 50.5 79.6 low 63%
Whyalla Aero 25.7 +1.6 39.1 29 Nov 11.7 +0.8 2.3 8 Sep 33.6 70.3 low 48%
Wudinna Aero 26.4 +0.4 38.0 29 Nov 10.3 +1.1 1.1 1 Oct 85.2 60.1 high 142%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 26.9 +1.1 37.0 28 Nov 11.5 +1.5 0.0 8 Sep 40.6 74.7 low 54%
Yongala 23.5 +1.6 35.3 29 Nov 7.9 +1.5 -1.2 29 Sep 53.6 98.7 low 54%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 26.8 +0.9 38.3 29 Nov 9.9 +0.7 1.0 20 Sep 62.2 75.3 average 83%
Yunta Airstrip 26.2 +1.0 36.4 13 Nov 10.8 +1.4 0.7 8 Sep 77.4 63.9 average 121%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 22.2 +1.1 35.2 29 Nov 9.1 +0.8 0.1 9 Sep 102.4 142.5 average 72%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 26.6   39.2 29 Nov 11.0   2.2 1 Oct 68.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 25.2 +0.8 39.7 29 Nov 8.0 +0.4 -0.7 1 Oct 64.8 94.2 average 69%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.5 +1.3 36.2 29 Nov 11.6 +0.7 3.7 29 Sep 100.2 89.2 average 112%
Kadina AWS 24.3 +0.2 37.6 29 Nov 10.2 +1.8 0.9 1 Oct 59.6 71.9 average 83%
Minlaton Aero 23.5 +1.0 38.7 29 Nov 11.0 +1.3 2.3 1 Oct 62.4 81.2 average 77%
Stenhouse Bay 20.9 +0.9 38.7 29 Nov 12.7 +0.8 5.8 10 Sep 105.8 94.9 average 111%
Warooka 21.8 +1.1 35.8 29 Nov 11.7 +1.4 6.4 1 Oct 91.2 103.5 average 88%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.3 +0.9 33.5 29 Nov 11.4 +1.0 4.5 4 Nov 84.8 106.1 low 80%
Cape Willoughby 18.9 +1.3 33.9 29 Nov 12.6 +1.0 7.1 30 Oct 113.0 125.2 average 90%
Kingscote Aero 21.5 +1.2 35.5 21 Nov 9.4 +1.7 2.1 26 Sep 70.6 98.4 average 72%
Parndana Cfs AWS 19.7   36.4 29 Nov 9.5   4.0 2 Oct 150.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 23.9 +1.7 39.1 29 Nov 13.3 +1.5 4.7 10 Sep 116.0 131.0 average 89%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 23.4 +2.0 39.4 29 Nov 13.2 +2.0 4.9 10 Sep 89.2 126.1 low 71%
Adelaide Airport 22.9 +1.8 38.7 29 Nov 13.1 +2.3 3.9 10 Sep 84.0 106.4 average 79%
Edinburgh RAAF 23.8 +1.4 39.3 29 Nov 11.7 +1.4 3.0 10 Sep 87.4 109.8 average 80%
Parafield Airport 24.5 +2.4 40.2 29 Nov 12.1 +1.7 3.4 10 Sep 79.0 110.6 low 71%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 22.3 +0.8 37.4 29 Nov 9.7 +1.1 1.0 1 Oct 105.6 126.6 average 83%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 24.0 +1.9 39.0 29 Nov 9.7 +1.0 1.0 1 Oct 103.9 125.1 average 83%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 22.4 +1.4 40.1 29 Nov 12.1 +1.0 3.4 10 Sep 62.8 88.9 average 71%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.0 +1.0 36.3 29 Nov 10.6 +1.1 4.4 4 Nov 165.2 162.3 average 102%
Mount Barker 22.0 +2.5 36.0 13 Nov 9.8 +2.5 3.0 4 Nov 174.6 191.4 average 91%
Mount Crawford AWS 19.7 +1.1 34.9 29 Nov 9.8 +1.0 2.4 4 Nov 148.6 151.9 average 98%
Mount Lofty 17.7 +2.9 33.7 29 Nov 8.9 +1.4 1.4 4 Nov 254.8
Noarlunga 22.5 +0.9 38.7 29 Nov 13.4 +1.5 6.3 10 Sep 61.6 99.1 low 62%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.6 +1.7 35.1 29 Nov 10.5 +1.3 5.1 10 Sep 135.8 185.6 low 73%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.6 +1.1 38.3 29 Nov 10.5 +1.2 1.0 10 Sep 88.0 128.5 low 68%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 26.2 +1.9 37.7 13 Nov 10.2 +1.5 -1.1 17 Sep 81.0 73.1 average 111%
Renmark Aero 26.8 +1.3 39.0 14 Nov 10.4 +1.1 -2.3 17 Sep 53.2 71.5 average 74%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 22.4 +1.6 36.7 29 Nov 9.6 +1.3 2.2 10 Sep 68.6 118.3 low 58%
Meningie 22.4 +1.8 38.0 13 Nov 11.4 +1.7 2.2 17 Sep 138.3 114.2 high 121%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 24.7 +0.9 39.8 29 Nov 9.2 +1.4 -1.7 10 Sep 75.0 73.4 average 102%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.8 +1.3 39.2 29 Nov 10.5 +1.2 1.3 17 Sep 95.2 108.9 average 87%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 25.4 +1.5 39.0 29 Nov 10.1 +1.6 -0.4 10 Sep 62.2 91.1 low 68%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 23.8 +2.0 37.5 29 Nov 9.9 +1.5 0.5 4 Nov 114.4 123.1 average 93%
Keith (Munkora) 23.7 +1.0 39.1 13 Nov 8.3 +1.6 -2.3 4 Nov 107.8 97.3 high 111%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 24.6 +0.8 38.5 29 Nov 8.5 +0.8 -1.1 17 Sep 94.6 82.0 average 115%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 20.5 +1.8 37.4 29 Nov 11.0 +1.5 3.3 26 Sep 96.0 106.6 average 90%
Coonawarra 21.0 +1.3 36.2 29 Nov 9.6 +2.1 -0.2 4 Nov 163.0 141.7 average 115%
Mount Gambier Aero 20.4 +2.3 37.6 29 Nov 9.1 +1.8 0.3 17 Sep 203.6 179.3 high 114%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 21.9 +0.9 37.0 13 Nov 9.3 +2.0 -1.5 4 Nov 131.4 125.6 average 105%
Robe Airfield 20.4 +1.4 37.5 29 Nov 10.5 +1.5 1.1 26 Sep 138.8 118.6 average 117%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 December 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries