Greater Adelaide in January 2019: very hot and dry

Daytime temperatures during January were amongst the hottest on record for Greater Adelaide. The highest temperature ever at the Bureau's official city site was recorded on the 24th, with 46.6 °C at West Terrace / ngayirdapira. Night-time temperatures weren't as extreme but were still warmer than average for January throughout Adelaide and the Hills. January was very dry, with little or no rain around Greater Adelaide, and it was the first January since 1957 that no rainfall was recorded in the city.

Little or no rain

  • January rainfall totals were very much below average (less than 6% of average) throughout Adelaide and the Hills
  • In the city, West Terrace / ngayirdapira recorded 0.0 mm for the month, which has only happened six times in January (combined observations from West Terrace and Kent Town began in 1839); the most recent occurrence was more than six decades ago in 1957
  • No rainfall for the month was recorded at sites throughout Greater Adelaide including Kent Town, Morphettville, Burnside, Mount Lofty, Edinburgh RAAF, and Parafield Airport
  • Numerous sites had either their lowest total January rainfall on record or their lowest total January rainfall for at least 50 years

Very hot at times

  • Mean maximum temperatures were 3–6 °C above average across Greater Adelaide; most sites had their warmest January for 18 years since 2001, while Mount Barker had its warmest January (month) in 117 years of record
  • The hottest day of the month was the 24th, with daytime temperatures in excess of 40 °C at all sites across Greater Adelaide, including 41.1 °C at Mount Lofty, the site's first 40 °C
  • Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) recorded 46.6 °C on the 24th, the highest temperature recorded at the Bureau's official Adelaide city site in its history
  • Numerous sites had their highest January temperature on record on the 24th, including Greater Adelaide's highest temperature of 47.7 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town) and Parafield Airport
  • Minimum temperatures weren't as extreme as the maxima, but nights were still warmer than average throughout Adelaide and the Hills
  • Mean minimum temperatures ranged from 1.0 °C warmer than average at Noarlunga to 2.6 °C warmer than average at Mount Barker
  • A few sites had their highest January mean daily maximum temperature on record and Kuitpo Forest Reserve also had its highest January mean temperature on record
  • Further information about the heatwaves that have affected large areas of the country can be found in the Special Climate Statement Widespread heatwaves during December 2018 and January 2019

Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira)

  • Total rainfall for Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) was 0 mm, which is 0% of the long-term average of 19.7 mm
  • The mean daily maximum temperature for Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) was 33.0 °C, which is 4.4 °C above the long-term average of 28.6 °C. The warmest day was 46.6 °C on the 24th, and the coolest day was on the 5th when the temperature reached 23.1 °C
  • The mean daily minimum temperature for Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) was 18.1 °C, which is 1.5 °C above the long-term average of 16.6 °C. The coldest morning was 12.8 °C on the 8th, and the warmest morning was on the 24th when the minimum temperature was 30.7 °C

Further information

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Enquiries

Extremes in January 2019
Hottest day 47.7 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town) and Parafield Airport on the 24th
Warmest days on average 34.8 °C at Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)
Coolest days on average 28.3 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 18.6 °C at Mount Lofty on the 5th
Coldest night 7.2 °C at Mount Lofty on the 10th
Coolest nights on average 14.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Warmest nights on average 19.0 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town)
Warmest night 31.1 °C at Parafield Airport on the 24th
Warmest on average overall 26.4 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town)
Coolest on average overall 21.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 1.6 mm at Kuitpo Forest Reserve and McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery)
Driest overall 0 mm at many locations
Wettest day 1.2 mm at Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) on the 19th
Strongest wind gust 100 km/h at Outer Harbour (Black Pole) on the 16th

Record lowest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Hahndorf 0.1 0.3 in 1957 134 26.8
Prospect Hill 1.2 = 1.2 in 2009 51 28.0
Aldgate 1.5 2.6 in 2009 49 33.5
Edinburgh RAAF 0.0 0.2 in 2009 47 21.2
Adelaide (Kent Town) 0.0 0.4 in 1992 42 20.1
Belair 0.0 1.0 in 2009 21 20.8

Lowest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
January
Adelaide (Glen Osmond) 0.2 0.0 in 1926* 22.9
Macclesfield 1.0 =1.0 in 1957 25.4
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 0.3 0.0 in 1957* 27.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest January temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 46.6 on the 24th 46.1 on the 12th in 1939 95 28.6
Adelaide Airport 45.8 on the 24th 44.1 on the 4th in 2013 64 28.2
Parafield Airport 47.7 on the 24th 46.4 on the 25th in 2003 63 29.7
Mount Barker 44.5 on the 24th = 44.5 on the 28th in 2009 62 27.3
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 47.2 on the 24th 46.4 on the 31st in 1968 58 30.6
Edinburgh RAAF 47.5 on the 24th 46.2 on the 23rd in 1982 47 30.1
Adelaide (Kent Town) 47.7 on the 24th 45.7 on the 28th in 2009 42 29.5
Mount Crawford AWS 43.7 on the 24th 43.3 on the 28th in 2009 25 27.6
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 44.0 on the 24th 42.7 on the 28th in 2009 21 26.2
Mount Lofty 41.1 on the 24th 37.9 on the 28th in 2018 20 22.1



Record highest January mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Mount Barker 32.1 31.9 in 2001 117 27.3
Adelaide (Kent Town) 33.8 33.7 in 2001 41 29.5
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 29.6 28.9 in 2001 20 26.2



Record highest January mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 22.6 22.5 in 2001 20 20.2



Summary statistics for January 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2019
Mean for
January
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2019
Total for
January
2019
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2019
Fraction of
January
average
Adelaide (Kent Town) 33.8 +4.3 47.7 24th 19.0 +1.7 13.1 10th 0 20.1 lowest 0%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 33.0 +4.4 46.6 24th 18.1 +1.5 12.8 8th 0 19.7 lowest 0%
Adelaide Airport 31.2 +3.0 45.8 24th 17.9 +1.8 13.2 1st 0.2 17.7 v low 1%
Edinburgh RAAF 33.7 +3.6 47.5 24th 17.9 +1.4 12.0 6th 0 21.2 lowest 0%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 29.6 +3.4 44.0 24th 15.6 +1.3 10.3 10th 1.6 25.8 v low 6%
Mount Barker 32.1 +4.8 44.5 24th 14.5 +2.6 9.2 10th 0.6 25.9 v low 2%
Mount Crawford AWS 31.1 +3.5 43.7 24th 15.6 +1.6 8.3 10th 1.0 23.2 low 4%
Mount Lofty 28.3 +6.2 41.1 24th 14.4 +2.1 7.2 10th 0 34.0 v low 0%
Noarlunga 31.9 +3.2 46.2 24th 18.2 +1.0 13.3 9th 0.4 16.5 v low 2%
Parafield Airport 34.4 +4.7 47.7 24th 17.6 +1.2 10.6 6th 0 21.0 lowest 0%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 34.8 +4.2 47.2 24th 16.6 +1.4 8.0 6th 0.8 18.9 low 4%

Daily maximum temperatures for January 2019
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Adelaide (Kent Town)33.733.442.329.624.027.729.426.926.331.138.932.734.841.042.341.340.427.428.732.836.439.942.047.731.928.626.830.634.340.225.6
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira)32.433.641.526.823.127.427.525.929.838.232.534.939.941.940.339.627.229.032.134.938.940.946.628.526.625.329.232.538.825.6
Adelaide Airport29.633.640.124.122.425.124.523.725.228.537.332.434.435.239.439.038.925.829.231.630.535.238.645.826.924.724.826.730.138.625.7
Edinburgh RAAF32.934.741.827.224.026.729.125.426.831.738.936.034.640.741.640.640.426.430.732.536.840.342.047.530.127.126.630.233.440.326.9
Kuitpo Forest Reserve26.725.438.628.021.122.825.924.420.825.934.923.728.037.939.239.135.824.123.128.834.136.735.244.029.524.823.127.230.535.821.1
Mount Barker29.628.538.728.924.226.028.128.423.240.440.638.037.525.026.136.640.037.944.533.228.826.930.932.436.824.5
Mount Crawford AWS30.029.039.031.821.725.927.326.022.727.635.228.931.039.039.838.636.525.025.330.634.937.637.543.731.326.024.128.431.736.022.5
Mount Lofty26.526.236.328.618.623.024.322.120.025.432.626.227.535.637.636.233.923.223.429.031.634.935.741.128.622.321.324.528.032.920.6
Noarlunga31.030.640.427.322.426.126.624.224.327.437.328.330.937.440.841.937.726.427.732.633.037.139.946.224.924.727.931.337.4
Parafield Airport33.434.442.828.224.428.430.026.226.931.138.835.336.541.142.341.840.627.730.833.736.640.241.847.731.627.926.730.334.439.8
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)34.634.343.034.624.627.831.028.027.331.039.635.536.142.543.240.440.027.530.534.038.440.742.847.233.029.426.531.635.140.327.0
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for January 2019
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Adelaide (Kent Town)14.616.921.326.416.414.313.914.215.313.116.622.215.617.921.522.825.324.016.417.421.122.724.230.824.218.215.815.516.317.316.5
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira)13.015.519.225.516.313.113.012.814.013.216.522.913.617.020.721.424.422.715.316.420.321.523.130.723.717.215.714.015.716.916.2
Adelaide Airport13.215.817.323.316.913.613.713.314.414.015.321.415.616.019.520.523.721.715.616.420.221.522.727.023.517.316.114.915.416.517.6
Edinburgh RAAF12.315.018.425.717.012.012.112.513.914.115.623.112.915.619.419.324.322.317.116.118.820.923.130.724.120.217.014.015.416.217.2
Kuitpo Forest Reserve12.713.614.225.112.211.012.812.311.510.311.916.511.715.724.618.922.719.613.013.114.919.019.523.421.314.612.212.813.415.312.7
Mount Barker12.114.712.523.012.710.813.213.412.39.210.415.522.321.811.013.216.117.019.022.515.611.810.012.012.512.7
Mount Crawford AWS11.712.315.623.711.69.110.611.210.88.311.816.310.216.425.721.323.821.611.912.216.519.619.925.421.714.012.312.015.817.112.0
Mount Lofty11.611.714.224.710.39.110.410.99.67.29.313.89.514.123.120.821.720.511.610.414.418.218.423.720.413.110.411.115.117.111.0
Noarlunga14.116.418.724.016.313.515.314.613.313.415.420.314.219.222.124.223.921.415.116.319.123.124.228.123.116.215.014.315.617.816.6
Parafield Airport11.716.020.725.616.210.613.711.112.813.115.122.614.413.518.018.224.523.315.016.820.321.024.531.123.819.514.813.014.414.715.2
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)8.812.518.926.815.08.010.011.510.410.915.422.514.313.419.520.125.123.314.014.019.619.321.029.023.818.115.912.312.014.713.6
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for January 2019
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Adelaide (Brighton) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Adelaide (Glen Osmond) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - -

Adelaide (Kent Town) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Adelaide (Keswick) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Adelaide Airport - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Aldgate - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.5 - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - -
Ashton - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Athelstone (Black Hill Alert) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Balhannah (Killara Park) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Beaumont - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - -
Belair - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Belair (St Johns) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Belair (State Flora Nursery) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2












Bellevue Heights - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Birdwood - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Birdwood (McVittie's Hill Rndsup) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Brownhill Creek (Scotch College) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-

- - - - 0.6 2.4
Burnside - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Crafers West - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cromer Road - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.1 0.2











Cudlee Creek (Odea Road) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Edinburgh RAAF - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - -
Gawler - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gould Creek (Hermitage) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Greenacres - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Hahndorf - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.1 - - - -
Halbury Road Salisbury (Halbury Road) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Happy Valley Reservoir
















0.6












Harrogate (Mount Beevor South) - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Inglewood - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ironstone Road - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kangarilla (Saddlebags Rndsup) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kanmantoo (Millbrae) - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2
Kersbrook - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kilburn - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kuitpo Forest Reserve - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - 0.2 -
Leawood Gardens (Eagle on The Hill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lenswood - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lenswood (Stringybark) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lobethal (Graeber) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lobethal (Maidment Road) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Long Ridge (Greenhill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Longwood - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Longwood Alert - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Macclesfield - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - -

McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - 1.0

Meadows - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - 1.0












Mitchell Park (Marion) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Montacute - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Morphettville - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mount Barker - - - - - - - - 0.2 - 0.4 - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - -
Mount Bold Reservoir
















0.8












Mount Crawford AWS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mount Lofty - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mt Bold (Scott Creek Alert) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mt Torrens - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mylor (Biggs Flat) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Nairne - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.4











Noarlunga - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - -
- - - - -
Parafield Airport - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Prospect Hill - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - -
Red Creek (Burwood) - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Regency Park - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - -
Rosslyn Park (Seaview) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sellicks Beach

















0.6











Uraidla (Sutton Creek) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Verdun - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Williamstown - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - - 0.2



Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.2











Willunga - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4

Woodside (Inverbrackie) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Woodside (Wicks Estate) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Greater Adelaide using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This summary includes data from observing sites in or near the Greater Adelaide “Greater Capital City Statistical Area” (GCCSA). The Australian Bureau of Statistics designed the GCCSAs to “include the population within the urban area of the city, as well as people who regularly socialise, shop or work within the city, and live in small towns and rural areas surrounding the city. It is important to note that GCCSAs do not define the built up edge of the city. They provide a stable definition for these cities and are designed for the output of a range of social and economic survey data.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 February 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries