South Australia in 2017: warmer and wetter than average

Rainfall during 2017 was above average for South Australia as a whole, although it was drier than average in some central and eastern areas. Overall, temperatures were warmer than average in all districts, with 2017 coming in as South Australia's fifth-warmest year on record.

Wetter than average

  • Rainfall in 2017 was 11% above average for South Australia as a whole
  • Rainfall was above average in the Northwest and parts of the Southeast, but it was drier than average in the Far North and most parts of the central agricultural districts
  • After a very wet end to 2016, the year began with South Australia's sixth-wettest January on record and resulted in the State's sixth-wettest summer on record
  • January, April, and November each had large areas of the State with very much above average rainfall
  • Rainfall was above average for most areas of the State during April, making it South Australia's tenth-wettest April on record, with large areas around Port Augusta, Tarcoola, Mount Eba, and Andamooka recording more than four times their April average rainfall
  • South Australia had its driest March since 2003 and May, June, and July all had below average rainfall in most parts of the State
  • In September, after little or no rain earlier in the month, the last three days saw the northern pastoral districts receive more than 25 mm of rain, with the month ending as one the region's wettest Septembers on record
  • Two sites had their highest daily rainfall on record in the first half of the year

Fifth-warmest year on record

  • South Australia's overall fifth-warmest year on record, with the State's mean temperature 1.02 °C warmer than average
  • Mean temperatures were above average throughout the State, including large parts that were very much above average with an area of highest on record in the northeast
  • Most months were much warmer than average, with April and June the only months to have slightly cooler than average mean temperatures
  • Daytime temperatures were very much warmer than average during March and July, and night time temperatures were very much cooler than average during June
  • During June, Marree Aero had its lowest temperature on record when temperatures dropped to -2.4 °C on the 4th (although the nearby Marree site recorded -2.8 °C on 30 June 1948 and 15 July 1970)
  • Extreme heat was observed at times during January and February over South Australia
  • During the February heatwave, Yunta Airstrip had its highest temperature on record when it reached 45.5 °C (although the old Yunta site recorded 47.3 °C on 3 January 1990)
  • Mean maximum temperatures were South Australia's third-warmest on record at 1.42 °C warmer than average
  • Daytime temperatures were very much warmer than average across most of South Australia, including small areas of highest on record in the Far North
  • Mean minimum temperatures were 0.62 °C warmer than average for the State as a whole and were warmer than average in most districts, but after several very warm years, they were the coolest since 2012
  • Mean minimum temperatures were very much warmer than average in parts of the Pastoral districts, Western Agricultural, and Southeast districts
  • Moomba Airport had both its highest mean daily minimum temperature on record and highest mean temperature on record

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Extremes in 2017
Hottest day 48.2 °C at Tarcoola Aero on 9 Feb
Warmest days on average 30.8 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 17.5 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 6.0 °C at Mount Lofty on 3 Aug
Coldest night -5.7 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 4 Jun
Coolest nights on average 8.1 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 16.2 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 32.8 °C at Moomba Airport on 19 Dec
Warmest on average overall 23.5 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 1147.8 mm at Uraidla
Driest overall 97.6 mm at Moomba Airport
Wettest day 106.2 mm at Wilpena Pound on 20 Jan
Strongest wind gust 124 km/h at Neptune Island on 6 Aug and 15 Aug

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Buckleboo (Karinya) 76.2 on 20 Jan 54.6 on 15 Feb 2014 31
Roseworthy AWS 58.6 on 21 Apr 57.0 on 31 Oct 1997 21



Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Yunta Airstrip 45.5 on 10 Feb 45.3 on 7 Feb 2009 20 24.6



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Marree Aero -2.4 on 4 Jun -1.6 on 3 Aug 2014 20 14.0



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Adelaide Airport 12.5 = 12.5 in 2013 61 11.5
Moomba Airport 16.2 16.1 in 2016 21 15.5



Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Moomba Airport 23.5 23.4 in 2014 21 22.5



Summary statistics for 2017
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2017
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2017
Mean
for
2017
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2017
Total
for
2017
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2017
Fraction
of annual
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 28.2 +0.6 46.7 9 Feb 14.3 +0.5 1.3 4 Jun 183.7 194.0 average 95%
Coober Pedy Airport 28.5 +0.8 46.4 9 Feb 14.5 +0.3 2.0 5 Jul 156.0 141.1 average 111%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 27.9 +0.5 40.8 17 Dec 12.9 -0.3 -3.1 4 Aug 376.0 282.9 high 133%
Mount Ive 26.3   47.6 9 Feb     -4.1 4 Jun 234.0 240.3 average 97%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 28.3 +0.6 46.8 9 Feb 12.4 -0.2 -2.9 20 Jul 121.6 148.3 average 82%
Tarcoola Aero 28.0 +0.4 48.2 9 Feb 11.9 -0.3 -3.5 5 Jun 207.8 184.3 average 113%
Woomera Aerodrome 27.0 +1.2 46.8 9 Feb 13.2 +0.4 1.4 6 Jul 154.9 183.1 average 85%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 27.7 +1.3 45.1 18 Dec 13.1 +0.2 -0.7 4 Jun 186.0 228.6 average 81%
Marree Aero 29.9 +0.9 47.1 18 Dec 13.9 -0.1 -2.4 4 Jun 93.2 146.7 low 64%
Moomba Airport 30.8 +1.3 47.1 29 Dec 16.2 +0.7 1.9 4 Jun 97.6 173.8 low 56%
Oodnadatta Airport 30.5 +1.4 47.1 18 Dec 15.0 +0.4 0.3 6 Jun 218.2 177.1 high 123%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Cleve 22.9 +0.8 43.0 8 Feb 12.1 +0.7 3.0 29 Aug 409.4 402.3 average 102%
Cleve Aerodrome 22.9 +0.3 44.0 8 Feb 11.6 +0.1 1.7 29 Aug 339.4 359.2 average 94%
Cummins Aero 23.4   45.4 8 Feb 10.0   -4.7 4 Jun 386.2 430.8 average 90%
Elliston 22.4 +0.9 43.3 8 Feb 12.3 +0.5 -0.5 4 Jun 450.8 427.3 average 105%
Kyancutta 26.3 +1.1 46.8 9 Feb 9.9 +0.6 -4.2 4 Jun 290.6 312.9 average 93%
Minnipa Pirsa 25.1 +0.4 43.7 9 Feb 11.5 +0.4 2.8 24 Aug 261.6 278.6 average 94%
Neptune Island 19.0 +0.4 30.8 8 Feb 14.5 +0.7 7.5 30 Oct 469.0 446.6 average 105%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 21.8 +0.5 42.0 17 Jan 11.4 0.0 0.7 4 Jun 378.6 393.9 average 96%
Nullarbor 24.4 +0.7 43.4 26 Mar 10.6 -0.2 -2.7 3 Jun 348.4 252.1 high 138%
Port Augusta Aero 26.4 0.0 47.2 9 Feb 11.7 -0.5 -2.3 11 Jul 248.2 221.5 average 112%
Streaky Bay     44.0 8 Feb 12.8 +0.6 3.7 1 Jun 304.1 378.0 low 80%
Whyalla Aero 24.4 +0.7 43.6 8 Feb 11.5 0.0 -1.4 2 Jun 247.1 266.7 average 93%
Wudinna Aero 25.8 +0.4 45.0 9 Feb 10.1 -0.1 -3.0 4 Jun 288.6 275.2 average 105%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 26.1 +0.9 45.5 9 Feb 10.9 +0.3 -4.5 4 Jun 160.0 308.6 v low 52%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 25.7 +0.4 47.0 9 Feb 9.3 0.0 -4.5 3 Jun 217.5 281.5 average 77%
Yunta Airstrip 25.3 +0.7 45.5 10 Feb 9.7 +0.2 -5.7 4 Jun 214.6 207.9 average 103%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 21.9 +0.6 41.3 9 Feb 9.1 0.0 -3.1 4 Jun 497.6 555.6 low 90%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 25.6   45.0 8 Feb 11.0   -0.7 4 Jun 325.6
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 24.6 +0.4 45.4 9 Feb 8.6 -0.4 -2.8 3 Jun 382.8 380.8 average 101%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Kadina AWS 23.8 0.0 42.1 8 Feb 10.0 +0.2 -1.8 28 Aug 291.2 343.3 average 85%
Minlaton Aero 23.1 +0.5 43.7 8 Feb 11.2 +0.3 0.9 28 Aug 399.6 360.3 average 111%
Stenhouse Bay 20.8 +0.4 43.5 8 Feb 13.2 +0.2 4.5 1 Jun 529.0 447.7 high 118%
Warooka 21.7 +0.5 40.2 8 Feb     3.5 29 Aug 492.2 444.5 high 111%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.5 +0.3 35.8 8 Feb 11.8 +0.3 3.9 28 Aug 516.8 560.4 low 92%
Kingscote Aero 21.5 +0.5 39.7 8 Feb 9.3 +0.3 -1.5 2 Jun 391.2 452.0 average 87%
Parndana Cfs AWS 20.4   41.1 8 Feb 9.8   2.0 29 Aug 551.2
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 23.3 +0.9 42.4 8 Feb 12.7 +0.4 1.7 4 Jun 536.2 550.6 average 97%
Adelaide Airport 22.4 +0.8 41.7 8 Feb 12.5 +1.0 1.8 4 Jun 414.4 442.2 average 94%
Edinburgh RAAF 23.3 +0.7 42.6 13 Dec 11.5 +0.4 0.8 4 Jun 426.2 434.4 average 98%
Parafield Airport 23.8 +1.4 42.2 8 Feb 11.5 +0.3 -0.5 4 Jun 419.6 453.0 average 93%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 22.0 +0.4 42.1 9 Feb 9.3 +0.1 -3.5 4 Jun 487.3 481.7 average 101%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 23.6 +1.0 42.4 8 Feb 9.9 -0.1 -1.6 28 Aug 495.8 468.6 average 106%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 21.4 +0.6 42.2 8 Feb 12.2 +0.4 2.1 2 Jun 382.6 393.9 average 97%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 19.6 +0.3 38.9 8 Feb 10.7 +0.4 2.7 1 Jun 760.6 715.9 average 106%
Mount Barker 21.5 +1.5 40.0 8 Feb 9.6 +1.5 0.5 29 Aug 797.2 765.3 average 104%
Mount Crawford AWS 19.6 +0.6 39.2 9 Feb 10.1 +0.4 2.2 28 Aug 701.4 662.7 average 106%
Mount Lofty 17.5 +2.3 36.2 8 Feb 9.3 +0.7 1.1 28 Aug 1052.8
Noarlunga 22.0 +0.3 41.9 8 Feb 13.2 +0.5 3.9 28 Aug 433.2 459.0 average 94%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.0 +0.4 41.9 8 Feb 10.6 +0.4 -0.6 2 Jun 590.6 551.8 average 107%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 25.0 +1.0 46.6 9 Feb 9.6 +0.5 -3.3 2 Jul
Renmark Aero 25.6 +0.7 47.1 9 Feb 9.8 +0.1 -4.2 4 Jun 216.8 242.5 average 89%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 22.0 +0.9 41.5 9 Feb 9.8 +0.5 0.3 21 Jul 408.2 448.6 average 91%
Meningie 21.7 +0.9 39.9 17 Jan 11.0 +0.7 0.1 4 Jun 567.2 469.8 high 121%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 23.7 +0.4 42.5 7 Jan 9.0 -0.1 -4.1 2 Jun 303.0 330.0 average 92%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.1 +0.5 40.8 8 Feb 10.6 +0.3 0.3 3 Jun 499.4 426.8 high 117%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 23.0 +0.7 42.0 8 Feb 9.5 +0.3 -1.2 28 Aug 493.3 461.1 average 107%
Keith (Munkora) 23.1 +0.2 43.0 8 Feb 8.1 +0.1 -2.8 28 Aug 510.4 414.9 high 123%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 23.6 +0.2 43.3 17 Jan 8.8 0.0 -1.6 28 Aug 351.8 321.0 high 110%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.8 +0.5 38.1 6 Jan 10.9 +0.6 1.1 2 Jul 550.6 502.4 average 110%
Coonawarra 20.9 +0.4 39.0 8 Feb 8.7 +0.6 -3.2 3 Jun 675.6 568.7 high 119%
Mount Gambier Aero 20.2 +1.2 39.0 7 Jan 9.0 +0.8 -2.1 3 Jun 812.6 712.4 high 114%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 21.5 -0.2 40.5 7 Jan 8.8 +0.7 -2.5 2 Jun 607.4 490.5 high 124%
Robe Airfield 20.0 +0.4 37.5 29 Nov 10.0 +0.5 -1.7 7 Jun 672.2 608.5 average 110%

Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available on Tuesday 9 January 2018. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
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